- Roots peeking through the drainage hole or pushing the plant up
- Slower growth than usual (not during winter dormancy)
- A top-heavy plant that's easy to topple
- Potting mix drying out quickly, needing more water
- Foliage three times the size of the planter
- Salt and mineral buildup on the plant or pot
- More than a year since the last repot
— A new or cleaned old planter
— Fresh potting mix
— Lava rocks or similar (if no drainage hole)
— Gloves (for prickly plants)
— A watering can or spray bottle
— Something to catch the mess like a newspaper or tarp
Take Out the Plant: Gently tip it sideways, tap the bottom, and slide it out. A gentle tug might be necessary.
Loosen the Roots: Unwind them, trim any extra long ones, and if it's root-bound, untangle and trim.
Remove Old Soil: Take out a third or more of the old mix. Your plant sucked up those nutrients, so fresh soil is needed.
Add Fresh Soil: Pack down a layer in the new pot, removing air pockets. If no drainage hole, add rocks at the bottom.
Position the Plant: Set it on the fresh soil, center it, and add more mix until secure. Don't pack it too tightly—let those roots breathe.
Water and Enjoy: Even out the soil and water well. Remember, no need for fertilizer just yet.